adiyen had posted a query on thiruparkadal and further checked about details in Srimad Bhagavatam.
adiyen would like to share the consolidated details collected on parkadal, Dhruva loka, satya lokam, Vyuga murtis, Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. Hence, I have taken a new thread. adiyen have posted the points from Srimad Bhagavatam in my own words, taking utmost care to provide the same meaning. Since, generally for Vedic cosmology Srimad Bhagavatam is considered to be the main source, adiyen has considered mainly Srimad Bhagavatam.
I. Bhu Loka / Thiruparkadal / Mount Meru
a. Srimad Bhagavatam :: Consolidated points::
i. When mother earth was overcome by an unbearable burden of countless numbers of conceited Daitya military forces, Lord Brahmâ together with her and Lord S’iva approached the shore of the milk ocean.
ii. Beyond the ocean of milk, the dvîpa of S’âka is situated. Beyond that in dvîpa named Pushkara, there a very big lotus flower with 100 million flower petals of pure gold. This lotus is considered the sitting place of Brahmâ.
iii. On top of mountains at Loka varsha, dwelling place of Brahmâ, established four gaja-patis in the four directions, in order to take care of the stability of the different planets in the universe.
iv. Lord Vishnu rules locally at the top of the mountain at Loka varsha with different weapons and surrounded by Vishvaksena and other representatives. He, for the benefit of all worlds, manifests His form on all sides of that greatest of all mountains. For the duration of a kalpa the Supreme Lord assumes that appearance just to maintain the life in different worlds.
Note :: Though Loka varsha is described in x-axis, i.e., Bhu lokam, Lord Vishnu’s ruling is stated to be on top of the mountain which is in y-axis. This location is not parkadal. Same for (iii).
v. Top of Mount Meru is the dwelling place of Brahma, i.e., in y-axis
vi. Siva is staying with Uma at the foot of Mount Meru, i.e., in Bhu lokam
Inference I :: Milk ocean is mentioned only in Bhu lokam and not in other lokas. Hence, Brahma, Vishnu and Siva reside in Bhu lokam (i), (ii) and (vi). Brahma and Vishnu also reside in higher plane. I could not collect details about Siva’s residence at higher plane.
Question I :: Brahma, Vishnu and Siva will exist till maha pralayam. If they reside in Bhu lokam, then after Naimithika Pralayam when three lokas are dissolved where they will be positioned?. Considering the points (iii), (iv) and (v), this issue is resolved w.r.to Brahma and Vishnu. But still how about Siva?.
Question 2 :: Does Brahma and Vishnu reside at both the places?. adiyen is bit hesitant to accept concept of omnipresence here. Yes. They can be omnipresent, but in this case we are taking about residence, which is a fixed location.
Question 3 :: Each andam has one Brahma, Vishnu and Siva. Considering, Brahma and Siva are jeevatmas, whether their atmas are different in various andams?.
II. Satya lokam
a. Satya loka is the residence of Brahma. adiyen did not find any mention of Satya lokam as the residence of Vishnu and Siva in Srimad Bhagavatam.
b. There is no mention of parkadal in satya lokam.
III. Dhruva lokam
a. adiyen read Brahma, Vishnu and Siva reside in Dhruva lokam. But could not recollect the reference.
Question 4 :: Dhruva loka loka is mentioned in several texts. But it is not mentioned as one among the 14 lokas. What is the reason?.
IV. Vyuga murtis : Vasudevan, Shankarshanan, Prathyumnan, aniruddhan
i. adiyen did not find any mention of Thiruparkadal as the residence of Vyuga murtis in Srimad Bhagavatam.
ii. Shankarshanan is stated to comes out of adiseshan, supporting the andam, to carry out pralayam.
iii. adiyen could not find details of the residence of Vasudevan, Prathyumnan and aniruddhan.
Question 5 :: Where does Vasudevan, Prathyumnan and aniruddhan reside.
Question 6 :: Based on IV (ii), there will be as many number of Shankarshanan as number of andams. Are there as many number of vyuga murtis as number of andams. Or only one with manifestation for each andam for the entire leela vibhudhi.
NOTE :: The above details is liable for correction if any omission or correction is pointed out based on the scripture. I could have missed some points also.