Srimathe Ramanujaya Namaha,
Asmadh Sarva Gurubyo Namaha,
Sri Velukkudi Krishnan Swami Guruvae Namaha,
ஸ்ரீவேலுக்குடி சுவாமி திருவடிகளுக்கு பல்லாண்டு பாடி திருவடிகளே சரணம்.
தேவரீர் உபன்யாசங்களை மேற்கோள்காட்டி விளக்குவதற்க்கு அடியேனை அனுகிரஹித்து அனுமதிக்க வேண்டும்.
Yella Thenkali & Vadakalai Adiyargalukku Vanakkam,
Out of MANY sub-sects in ‘Ramanuja Dharishana” Margam for SriVaikunta Praaptthi in same janma and Nithya Kainkaryam & BhagavAt Anubhavam, Thenkalai and Vadakalai are two of the sub-sects among many sub-sects and they are beautiful sects applicable ONLY for those who has “MAHA VISHWASAM” on UDDHARAKA Acharyar Swami Ramanujar’s ThiruvAdi.
Some Glossary needs to be understood to understand the Thenkalai & Vadakalai sub-sects.
- “Nyasam” in sanskrit means surrender & is also called as “Prapathi”. Means, Surrendering or Returning the stolen property (Athma ourselves) to the Owner ‘Sriman Narayanan’ through Acharyan ThiruvAdi.
- “BaraNyasam” is Prapatti. Means, Moksham pogum Bharatthai Acharyan Thiruvadiyil Samarpittha pinbhu, Perumal Anugrahatthirkkaaga Kaatthu kondu iruppadhu.
- “PanchaSamskaram” as per age old shastras ” Thaapaha, Pundraha, Naamaha, Mantraha, Yagjyaha”.
Swami says “Parashara Smrithi” many Shastra vaakyams tells about the 5 samskarams (Parama Ekanthikal aaga irupadharkku intha 5’dhum mukkyam).
Pancha Samskaram, means doing 5 samkarams. Anyone is allowed, men, women, kids from any Varnas can do Pancha Samskaram with an Acharyan and get Acharya Sambhandham and get Moksham ‘SriVaikunta’ Praapthi in smae birth.
1a) Thaapaha (Sankhu & Chakra Laanchanam on both shoulders)
1b) Pundraha (12 places on body with Thiruman Kaapu and Sri Choornam)
1c) Namaha (Acharyan gives a Dasa naamam)
1d) Mantraha (Acharyan gives Upadesam on Thiru Mantram, Dvayam & Charma Slokam)
1e) Yaagam (Acharyan teaches how to do ThiruArdhanai (Poojai) to Perumal in a simple way)
Endha 5’dhum seidhatharkku piragu dhaan, namakku ThiruVaardhanai seivadharkkaey Yogyathai (eligibility), Moskham povadharkku Arugathai (Qualification). So ‘Prapatthi or Pancha Samskaram’ is only “ELIGIBILITY (யோக்கியதை)” for Moksham, but we cannot force Perumal with this eligibility to give us Moksham, since Perumal is the final decison maker who has “NirAnkusa Swathantriyam” (Non questionable Independance). HE will decide which Shisyas get Moksham depending up on theie own Acharyan’s Nishati.
So, can anyone be an Acharyan and do this Samskaram to others, then the ANSWER is NO. since Shastras say How an Acharyan needs to be and the Qualifications:
Definition of Acharyan as per Shastras as Swami says:
Bhagavan Sriman NarayanAn takes Shastras (rule Book) on HIS hand and takes “Acharyan” Avataram.
1) “Aasinothihi Shastrarthaan” (Kattrukolgiraar)
Means, Thaan mudhalil Vedatthai , Ithihaasatthai, Puraanatthai, Shastratthai YEALLAVATTRAYUM nangu kattrukolgiraar
2) “Acharye Sthapayathyapi” (Kattradhai Anushtaanam Seigiraar)
Means, Thaan kattrukondathai mattum vittu vidaamal, adhan padi Ozhugi Nadanthu kaattugiraar.
3) “Upadesam seigiraar”. Thaan Kattrapinn, Anushtaanam seidha pinn, Adhan pinn thannudaya Shishyargalai, Adhan padi nadakka vaikkiraar.
So, all these three together QUALIFIES an ACHARYAN.
Swami has said in past upanyasam that, Acharyan Swami AndraPoonar (Vadu Nambhi) says, ONLY Swami Ramanuajar Qualifies to be called as an ACHARYAN and NO one else as they don’t Fully Qualify to be an Acharyan like Swami Ramanujar.
- So, all Acharyas other than Swami Ramanujar is called as UPAKARAKA Acharyas. Means who surrenders ourselves Athma on Swami Ramanujar Lotus feet and inturn Swami Ramanuajar is NammAlwar THiruvAdi, and we get Mosksham “SriVaikuntam”.
- Hence, Swami Ramanujar is called as UDDARAKA Acharyan (Woo lifts all His Shisyas which is our PoorvAcharyas) to Moksham, and in-turn we shisyas belonging to those Acharya lineages who rely on Swami Ramanujar also gets Moksham ‘ParamPAdham’.
So, Thenkalai or Vadakalai, doesn’t matter, as long we understand (Either present Acharyas and their Shisyas) that by doing Bharnyasam or Pancha Samskaram, we get “RAMANUJA SAMBHANDHAM, then their ATHMA UJJIVANAM occurs for SriVaikunta Praaptthi in Same Janma.
So, if an Acharyan says, I have surrendered your soul to Perumal lotus feet, then that Acharyan is bypassing PoorvAcharyas, which means, HE has to qualify all the three by himself to be an Acharyan like Ramanujar. In this Kaliyuga it is difficult, so All Acharyas rely on Swmai Ramanujar for their Moksham itself.
Hence, Sri Velukkudi Swami clearly says, when one (either Achryan or Shisya) leaves their body, they reach their Acharyan THiruVadi (தன் ஆசார்யன் திருவடியை அடைந்தார் ). That Acharyan reached His acharyan feet, and son on in the ladder and fianll reach Swami Ramanuajr ThiruvAdi and finally NamALwar & tehn Thayr-PErumal ThiruvAdi whcih si Moksham SriVaikuntam.
In Thenkalai, during Ramanuaja Sambhandham (Pancha Samskaram plus Prapatthi /Nyasam is done at same time) with “Achrya Nishtai”, but outside we say using one word pancha samskaram, but both are done at same time.
In Vadakalai, during Ramanuja Sambhandham, Pancha samskram and Prapatthi (Nyasam) are done at two different separate times depending up on the shisyas interest.
However, it is being popularly told that Swami Pillai LokaCharyar/Swami Manavaala Maamunigal followed Thankalai, and Swami Vedanta Desikar followed Vadakali, but in actual both of them didnot create any Kalai’s, they only followed Swami “Ramanuja Dharishanam”. Only Abhimaanis of these Acharyas created a Kalai for their following.
So, present Acharyas or Shishyas either whatever Kalai need to understand that Swami Vedanta Desikar went to Moksham due to Swami Ramanujar Krupai (Reference Yathiraja Sapthathi) & Swami Manavaala Maamunigala went to Moksham due to Swami Ramanujar Krupai (Reference Aarthi Prabhandham).
Adiyaargal Vaazha Aranganagar Vaazha, Sri Velukkudi Swamiye innum oru Noortraandu irumm.
Adiyen Sri Velukkudi Krishna Dasan,
Uyya Oraey VAzhi UdayavAr ThiruvAdi,
Sarvam Sri Krishna Kudumbham,
Sarvam SriKrishnarpanam Asthu.