Srimatae Ramanujaya Namaha,
Sri Velukkudi Krishnan Swami ThiruvAdigalaey Sharanam,
Asmadh Sarva Gurubhyo Namaha,
This is a beautiful question Ram2000 BhagavAta, and many have this doubht, so adiyen will explain/share answer to All BhagavAtas with Acharyan Krupai and Sri Velukkuid Krishnan Swami Arul from Swami’s “VaarthaMaalai” Upanyasam. Vaartha Maalai means “A Garland made of Holy Words”, which is a beautiful grantham complied with holy words/conversation of many of our past Poorvacharyas who lived different times.
Here is a Vaarthai that answers BhagavAtas question.
There are 6 things that BhagaVAn does during Creation of Andam/Lokams and then while HE gives body to a BhaddAthmA (JeevAthmA in this Suffering Samsaram, presently anyone of us)
Supreme BhagavAN SriKrishna makes Sankalpam (Kartha)first after creating of basic elements and before giving a JeevAthma the first Body for Brahma post,
This Sankalpam Wish of BhagavAn is “Yellarum Unmaye Paesanum (one should speak truth), Nalladhu mattum seyyanum (one should do only good things), Dhaana Dharma Kaaryangal seyyanum (,Donate for Dharma activities) Kainkaryam pannanum (Service to Supreme BhagavAn to absolute humility) etc and so many good things BhagavAN makes the 1st WISH……
This Sankalpam is SOLEY/PURELY BHAGAVAN’s wish ONLY (Kartha), and there is no involvement of JeevAthmas or our Jeeva Swathantriyam or Karmas/Vaasanaas yet.
This Sankalpam of BhagavAn is the turning point. Here BhagavAN makes that Sankalpam that HIS 1st Sankalpam “Karthritvam” be implemented/accomplished to a JeevAthma THROUGH THEIR OWN KARMAS”. Here BhagavAn makes one do (Kaaraya) HIS WISH through other JeevAthma’s KARMAS through THEIR OWN “Jeeva Swathantriyam (Independently Dependent on BhagavAn)”. SO, BhagavAN is not RESPONSBILE FOR OUR EVERY ACTION.
The reason why BhagavAn implements HIS WISH (Good things) through a JeevAtham’s Karmas is due to the fact that JeevAthma has “Jeeva Swathantriyam (Independently Dependent on BhagavAn)” . If BhagavAN does everything, thorugh HIS wish, then we need to be Achit (Insentieint/Jada Porul), but we are Chit (Sentient JeevAthmas) and Not Achit (Insentient/Jada Porul) with Jeeva Swathantriyam, so BhagavAN wants to see How we are going to make utilize of Jeeva Swathantriyam (Independently Dependent on BhagavAn). . In Good path same as HIS thoughts or in Bad path based on our own Annadhi Kaala Vipareetha Vaasanaas. If we we don’t have Jeeva Swathantriyam, then there is no neccessity of “KaarayAtritvam”. Since, we have Jeeva Swathantriyam, BhagavAN had to madatory do the “KaarayAtritvam”.
Now, one may have question that, if BhagavAn made “1st Karthritvam that ONLY all good things to happen, then where did the bad things come from?. As far as Karmas/Vaasanaas (Bad or Good) are considered, it is Anaadhi and with us (JeevAthmas) and not due to BhagavAn. Since BhagavAn says so through Alwars/Acharyas, then we have to believe it (MahaVishwasam).
If our Anaadhi Kaala Karmas/Vaasanas trigger bad things, then the owners is on us.
If our Karmas/Vaasanas trigger good things, then it is due to BhagavAn’s “Karthritvam” that Every Good things are due to MY SANKALPAM.
After BhagavAn makes the above two wish, 1st wish Karthritvam (only HIS wish) and the 2nd wish (KaarayAtritvam) through our own Karmas, then BhagavAn waits for our “Aadhya Pravirthi”, means our first action.
If one does good things (Punyas) due to ones own Jeeva Swanthantriyam based on Shastras, then BhagavAN allows it (Anumadhipadhu) from inside as Antharyami, but BhagavAN doesn’t involve in our actions, instead HE let ourselves relinquish the Punya karmas.
If one does bad things (Paapas) due to ones own Jeeva Swanthantriyam (Vipareetha vaasanaas/karmas) against Shastras/Alwars/Acharyas Upadesams, then BhagavAn keeps SILENT (Udhaseenan) from inside as Antharyami, since HE dod not want to be part of our bad actions. SO, every bad actions we are responsible, since it is due to our own Vipareetha vaasanaas/karmas,
The above 3) is just our good action and BhagavAn only allows it and BhagavAN HIMSELF doesn’t do any action. But in this 5), when we do a good action, BhagavAn as Antaryami also enhances and supports (Sakakaari) and makes us do more good. Here it is BhagavAN’s Seyal as well.
This is the time to for BhagaVAn to give the Phalam to us based on our actions.
* If we do Paapa Karmas, then the Phalam that BhagavAN gives is “Punishment” either in Bhooloka in same birth or in Naragam or relinguish in some other birth.
* If we do Punya Karmas and did not surrender to HIS lotus feet, then the Phalam that BhagavAN gives is “HE lets us enjoy the Punya Karmas and birth-death-rebirth cycle follows and NO Moksham”,
* If we do Punya Karmas and surrender the results to HIS lotus feet, then Phalam that BhagavAN gives is “Moksham”.
Adiyaargal Vaazha ArangaNagar Vaazha, Kadal Soozhndha Mannu Ulagham Vaazha, Sri Velukkudi Krishnan Swamiye Innum Pala Kodi Oru Nootraandu Irumm.
Adiyen Sri Velukkudi Krishna Dasan,
Uyya Oraey Vazhi UdayavAr ThiruvAdi,
Sarvam SriKrishnarpanam Asthu.